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id="youshi_tdyx"> <div class="youshi01"> <h1 class="article_title">数字孪生åQšè™šæ‹Ÿçš„åQŸçœŸå®žçš„åQ?/h1> <div class="article_author">æ·ÕdŠ æ—‰™—´åQ?023-7-14 17:27:25 文章作者:<a href="/">‹¹Žå—软äšg开å?/a> ‹¹è§ˆ‹Æ¡æ•°åQ?Script Language="Javascript" Src="/item/GetHits.asp?Action=Count&GetFlag=0&m=1&ID=3509"></Script></div> <div class="article_main"><div id="MyContent"><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">提到“孪生”,äºÞZ»¬ä¼šä¸¾U¦è€ŒåŒåœ°æƒ³åˆ°åŒèƒžèƒŽåQŒä½†åŠ ä¸Šâ€œæ•°å­—”,该如何理解?实际上,数字孪生不仅出现在科òqÖM½œå“ã€Šä¸‰ä½“》和《钢铁侠》中åQŒåœ¨¼œžèˆŸåå…­å¯‚²äººé£žèˆ¹ä“Q务、天宫一号ä“Q务中也发挥了重要作用。未来,数字孪生˜q˜å°†åœ¨èˆªå¤©ã€èˆ¹èˆ¶ã€é£žæœºã€åŒ»ç–—、智慧城市等领域得到更多应用åQŒå¤§òq…度减少人类的脑力和体力力_Š¨å¼ºåº¦åQŒæ˜¾è‘—提高生产安全性和效率ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-weight: bolder; font-size: 20px;">从科òqÖM½œå“ä¸­ç†è§£æ•°å­—孪生</span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">什么是数字孪生呢?或许åQŒæˆ‘们能从科òqÖM½œå“ä¸­é€šä¿—地理解这个概å¿üc€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">¿U‘å‰ò著作《三体》就很好地解释了数字孪生。这部小说中存在着一个“三体游戏”,该游戏利用数字空间重çŽîCº†ä¸‰ä½“星球的实际环境,也复åˆÖMº†çœŸå®žä¸‰ä½“星球的物理属性。这样一个虚拟的游戏世界卛_¯çœ‹ä½œä¸‰ä½“星球的数字孪生模型ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">主角汪淼可以通过½I¿æˆ´äººæœºäº¤äº’讑֤‡˜qžæŽ¥òq¶è¿›å…¥è™šæ‹Ÿçš„三体星球½Iºé—´åQŒåœ¨æ¸¸æˆä¸–界中创å»ø™‡ªå·Þqš„数字镜像。该数字镜像拥有与汪淼完全相同的外åŞ、行为和感知能力åQŒè€Œä¸”两者的状态是实时互通的。也ž®±æ˜¯è¯ß_¼Œæ¸¸æˆä¸­æ•°å­—镜像所遭受的寒冗÷€ç–¼ç—›å’ŒåŠ³ç¯½{‰æ„Ÿè§‰ï¼Œä¹Ÿä¼šå®žæ—¶ä¼ é€’到汪淼本ähíw«ä¸Šã€‚è¿™æ øP¼Œ<a href="http://www.themmauniversity.com" target="_self"><strong>‹¹Žå—软äšg开å?/strong></a>汪淼可以通过游戏中的数字镜像åQŒèín临其境地行走在三体星球,“亲临”äؕ¾Uªå…ƒçš„æ؜沌、压˜q«å’Œå±é™©ã€‚他也可以“亲自”与游戏中的知名人物的数字镜像互动,例如随同周文王觐见纣王,奉上一本“万òq´åŽ†â€ï¼Œæˆ–是与墨子、哥白尼、伽利略当面交流关于恒纪元、äؕ¾Uªå…ƒçš„太阌™¿è¡Œæ¨¡åž‹ç­‰ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">此外åQŒåœ¨ä¸‰ä½“世界的数字孪生模型中所做的选择åQŒéƒ½å¯èƒ½è§¦å‘˜q™ä¸ªä¸–界的未来走向。在游戏世界中所发生的一切,都遵循于现实世界åQŒå¯åœ¨å…¶ä¸­å¯¹æœªæ¥˜q›è¡ŒæŽ¨æ¼”ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">¿U‘å‰ò电媄《钢铁侠》中也有数字孪生的èín影。主人公托尼·斯塔克利用先˜q›æŠ€æœ¯äؓ自己量èín打造了一个钢铁战ç”ÔŒ¼Œæ­è²äº†å¾®åž‹æ ¸ç”늫™å’Œå„¿Uå…ˆ˜q›æ­¦å™¨ï¼Œä»¥åŠæ™ø™ƒ½¾pȝ»Ÿâ€œè´¾¾l´æ–¯â€ã€‚“贾¾l´æ–¯â€å†…¾|®äº†é’¢é“æˆ˜ç”²çš„数字化虚拟模型åQŒèƒ½˜q½è¸ªé’¢é“æˆ˜ç”²çš„状态,òq¶è¿›è¡Œå¯è§†åŒ–åQŒä¾›æ‰˜å°¼äº†è§£é’¢é“æˆ˜ç”²çš„情况,作出作战决策。“贾¾l´æ–¯â€è¿˜èƒ½æä¾›ç›®æ ‡çž„准、信息追ítªã€èƒ½æºé¢„警等战斗辅助功能ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">《钢铁侠》中的钢铁战甲和“贾¾l´æ–¯â€å…·å¤‡äº†ä¸€ä¸ªæ•°å­—孪生系¾lŸçš„五大核心要素。钢铁战甲是物理实体åQŒâ€œè´¾¾l´æ–¯â€å†…¾|®çš„战甲模型则是对应的虚拟实体,通常¿UîC¹‹ä¸ºâ€œæ•°å­—孪生模型”或“数字孪生体”。钢铁战甲的损坏½E‹åº¦ã€é£žè¡Œé€Ÿåº¦ã€èƒ½æºå‰©ä½™é‡½{‰æ•°æ®ï¼Œ¾lŸç§°ä¸ºå­ªç”Ÿæ•°æ®ã€‚“贾¾l´æ–¯â€å¯¹æ•°æ®˜q›è¡Œåˆ†æžã€å¤„理和挖掘åQŒæä¾›æˆ˜æ–—徏议、飞行轨˜q¹è§„划、能源预警等战斗辅助服务åQŒè¿™äº›æœåŠ¡åŠŸèƒ½ä»¥å†³ç­–数据、图表、分析曲¾U¿ç­‰å½¢å¼å‘ˆçŽ°åQŒå¯ä»¥ç§°ä¹‹äؓ“服务”或“应用”ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-weight: bolder; font-size: 20px;">è½½äh航天让数字孪生走˜q›å…¬ä¼—视é‡?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">2023òq?æœ?0日,搭蝲¼œžèˆŸåå…­å¯‚²äººé£žèˆ¹çš„长征二号F遥十六运载火½Ž­åœ¨é…’泉卫星发射中心发射升空。随后,¼œžèˆŸåå…­å¯‚²äººé£žèˆ¹ä¸Žç«ç®­æˆåŠŸåˆ†ç¦»åQŒç»˜q‡äº”‹Æ¡å˜è½¨åŽåQŒæŒ‰ç…§é¢„定程序与½Iºé—´ç«™ç»„合体˜q›è¡Œè‡ªä¸»å¿«é€Ÿäº¤ä¼šå¯¹æŽ¥ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">此前åQŒæˆ‘国在太空˜q›è¡Œçš„航天器交会å¯ÒŽŽ¥åQŒå¤§å¤šæ˜¯åœ¨æ°´òqÏx–¹å‘。本‹Æ¡ä“Q务是½Iºé—´ç«™ä¸‰èˆ±â€œT”字构型下实施的首次径向交会å¯ÒŽŽ¥åQŒå­˜åœ¨è¾ƒå¤§çš„偏心åQŒæ˜¯ä¸€ä¸ªå…¨æ–°çš„挑战。äؓ了确保神舟十六号载äh飞船与空间组合体的精¼‹®å¯¹æŽ¥ï¼Œéœ€è¦å‡†¼‹®æŽŒæ¡é£žèˆ¹çš„实时状态信息,以支持突发情å†ëŠš„快速决½{–。在此过½E‹ä¸­åQŒåŸºäºŽæ•°å­—孪生的三维实时可视化技术发挥了关键性作用ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">通过飞船上的传感器数据,构徏飞船的虚拟数字模型,实时¾_‘Ö‡†å‘ˆçŽ°é£žèˆ¹˜qè¡Œè½¨é“、位¾|®ã€å§¿æ€ä»¥åŠè²èïL­‰ä¿¡æ¯ã€‚此外,该项技术还能够提供覆盖地面、太½Iºã€è§‚‹¹‹ç«™ã€é£žè¡Œå™¨çš„逼真½Iºé—´çŽ¯å¢ƒå’Œå®žæ—¶ä“Q务状态,为地面测控äh员的¾_‘Ö‡†æŽ§åˆ¶å’Œå†³½{–提供高效直观的数据支撑åQŒäؓä»ÕdŠ¡çš„圆满成功è“v到关键作用ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">在神舟十六号载äh飞行ä»ÕdŠ¡ä¸­ï¼Œèˆªå¤©å™¨çš„物理实体、可视化模型和相关的计算机系¾lŸï¼Œä»¥åŠæŒç®‹é€šç•…的通信数据‹¹æž„成了一套完整的数字孪生¾pȝ»Ÿã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">实际上,数字孪生的概念就是在航空航天ä»ÕdŠ¡ä¸­è¯žç”Ÿçš„ã€?970òq?æœ?3日,在美国阿波罗13åïL™»æœˆé£žèˆ¹è“vé£?6ž®æ—¶åŽï¼Œå¤„于ž®ùNƒ¨çš„服务舱氧气¾|å‘生爆炸。此æ—Óž¼Œå¿…须让服务舱中的发动机开机,飞船才有æœÞZ¼š˜q”回地球。然而,在这¿Uæƒ…况下åQŒè°ä¹Ÿä¸çŸ¥é“发动机开æœÞZ¼šä¸ä¼šå¼•å‘更大的灾难。那么,地面指挥中心该如何摸清一个远åœ?0万公里外òq¶ä¸”已经损坏的飞船的状况呢?又怎样˜qœç¨‹æŒ‡å¯¼èˆªå¤©å‘˜ä»¬ä¸€æ­¥æ­¥æŽ’除故障呢?</span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">好在¾ŸŽå›½èˆªç©ºèˆªå¤©å±€æ‹¥æœ‰é£žèˆ¹çš„地面仿真模拟模型ã€?a href="/" target="_self" style="font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; font-size: 20px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 36px; white-space: normal;"><strong>‹¹Žå—软äšg开å?/strong></a>地面人员依据通信信息调整地面模拟器环境参æ•îC»¥åŒšw…é˜¿æ‡L¾|?3åïLš„实际受损情况åQŒåœ¨åœ°é¢æ¨¡åž‹ä¸Šå°è¯•è§£å†Ïx–¹æ¡ˆåƈ发送安全操作指令,最¾lˆå¼•å¯ÆDˆªå¤©å‘˜ä»¬å®‰å…¨è¿”回地球ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">在阿波罗计划中,˜q™äº›é«˜ä¿çœŸçš„模拟器和相关的计½Ž—机¾pȝ»ŸåQŒä»¥åŠæŒ¾l­é€šç•…的通信数据‹¹æž„成了一套初步的阿æ‡L¾|?3号地面孪生模型。在此基¼‹€ä¸Šï¼Œ¾ŸŽå›½èˆªç©ºèˆªå¤©å±€ä¸æ–­å®Œå–„òq¶äºŽ20世纪末正式提出“数字孪生”的概念åQŒå°†å…¶å®šä¹‰äؓ“集成了多物理量、多ž®ºåº¦ã€å¤šæ¦‚率的系¾lŸæˆ–飞行器仿真过½E‹â€ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-weight: bolder; font-size: 20px;">软äšgòq›_°æ˜¯æ•°å­—孪生“落地”的关键</span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">¾lè¿‡˜q‘几òq´çš„快速发展,数字孪生已深入渗透到全球数字¾læµŽå„个领域åQŒæˆä¸ÞZh¾cÀLž„½{‘数字空é—ß_¼Œòq¶å€Ÿä»¥æ”šw€ çŽ°å®žä¸–界的变革性模式ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">在我国,数字孪生也得åˆîCº†å¿«é€Ÿå‘展ã€?017òqß_¼Œ½W”者团队在国际上发表了首篇数字孪生车间文章åQŒè”合多个高校和¿U‘研机构提出了数字孪生五¾l´æ¨¡åž‹ã€æ•°å­—孪生模型构建理论、数字孪生标准体¾p…R€æ•°å­—孪生成熟度½{‰ä¸€¾pÕdˆ—研究成果åQŒç»“合工业应用需求,探烦了数字孪生五¾l´æ¨¡åž‹åœ¨å«æ˜Ÿ/½Iºé—´é€šä¿¡¾|‘络、船舶、èžR辆、飞机、能源、制造èžR间、复杂装备、医疗、智慧城市等十多个领域的应用。这些成果åŞ成了一定国际媄响,òq¶å¢žåŠ äº†æˆ‘国在该领域的话语权—â€?021òq´æˆ‘国创办了Digital Twin国际学术期刊ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">然而,数字孪生技术的落地¼›ÖM¸å¼€æ•°å­—孪生工业软äšgòq›_°ã€‚随着持箋不断增长的数字孪生技术的研究、应用、开发和½Ž¡ç†éœ€æ±‚,数字孪生工业软äšg的研发和推广势在必行。可惜的是,当前软äšg¾lŸä¸€å‚考架构的¾~ÞZ½é˜È¢äº†æ•°å­—孪生理论在研究和工业应用的˜q›ä¸€æ­¥å‘展ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">为此åQŒâ€œåä¸‰äº””期é—ß_¼Œæˆ‘国在国安™‡ç‚¹ç ”发计划“网¾lœååŒåˆ¶é€ ä¸Žæ™ø™ƒ½å·¥åŽ‚”重点专™å¹ä¸­åQŒéƒ¨¾|²äº†é‡ç‚¹¿U‘ç ”ä»ÕdŠ¡â€”—基于数字孪生的æ™ø™ƒ½ç”Ÿäñ”˜q‡ç¨‹¾_„¡¡®å»ºæ¨¡ç†è®ºä¸Žæ–¹æ³•ï¼Œæ—¨åœ¨æŽ¢çƒ¦æ•°å­—孪生模型构徏理论体系、数字孪生生产线状态感知工兗÷€æ•°å­—孪生模型无损降阶方法、数字孪生工业èÊY件研发等问题ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">½W”者团队联合山东大学、东南大学、西安交通大学、东华大学、北京工业大学、武汉科技大学½{‰å›½å†…知名高校教授团队,共同提出òq¶è®¾è®¡äº†ä¸€ä¸ªæ•°å­—孪生工业èÊY件åã^台的参考架构——makeTwinåQŒå°è¯•ç»™å‡ºæ•°å­—孪生工业èÊY件发展的中国思èµ\和参考架构ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">在整体架构设计上åQŒmakeTwin参考架构综合考虑了èÊY件åã^台的开放性、兼å®ÒŽ€§ã€äº’操作性、可用性和可扩展性,以全方位地服务学术研½I¶äh员、开发äh员和企业½{‰ã€‚在核心功能设计上,makeTwinåŸÞZºŽæ•°å­—孪生工业软äšg的七大需求定义了十大功能、基本工作流½E‹å’Œæ ¸å¿ƒåŠŸèƒ½äº¤äº’½{‰æœºåˆ¶ã€‚它可以实现包括数字孪生模型创徏与集成、孪生数据处理器、算法生成适配器、数实loT˜qžæŽ¥å™¨ã€è™šå®žäº¤äº’配¾|®å™¨ã€å­ªç”Ÿä»¿çœŸæ±‚解器、多¾l´å¯è§†åŒ–工具、孪生基¼‹€åº“、场景应用模杉K›†ã€å­ªç”Ÿåº”用部¾|²å™¨½{‰åå¤§åŠŸèƒ½ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">目前makeTwin的参考架构尚需˜q›ä¸€æ­¥ä¸°å¯Œå’Œå®Œå–„。研发团队计划在今年下半òq´æŽ¨å‡ºã€Šæ•°å­—孪生工业èÊY件白皮书》,ž®è¯•ä¸ºå…¨çƒæä¾›æ¥è‡ªä¸­å›½çš„数字孪生工业软äšg参考架构,以更好地引导数字孪生工业软äšg可持¾l­ä¼˜è´¨å‘展ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-weight: bolder; font-size: 20px;">未来可期的数字孪ç”?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">现在åQŒæ•°å­—孪生可是“香饽饽”,它不仅是理论研究的热点,也具备深刻长˜qœçš„应用前景åQŒå…¶åœ¨æ™ºæ…§åŸŽå¸‚å’Œæ™ø™ƒ½åˆ‰™€ é¢†åŸŸçš„应用已与生äñ”生活息息相关。解决了数字孪生工业软äšgòq›_°é—®é¢˜åŽï¼Œæ•°å­—孪生ž®†åœ¨çŽ°å®žç”Ÿæ´»ä¸­æœ‰æ›´å¤šåº”用ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">比如åQŒæ•°å­—孪生城市是数字孪生的重要应用之一。数字化ž®†ä¼šå½Õdº•è½å®žåˆ°åŸŽå¸‚的交通、医疗、教育等æ–ÒŽ–¹é¢é¢åQŒä‹ÉäºÞZ»¬çš„生‹zÀL›´åŠ æ–¹ä¾Ñ€æ™ºèƒ½ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">以道路交通äؓ例,交通拥堵和交通事故都是äh们在å‡ø™¡Œæ—¶ä¸å¸Œæœ›å‘生的事ã€?a href="/" target="_self" style="font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; font-size: 20px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 36px; white-space: normal;"><strong>‹¹Žå—软äšg开å?/strong></a><span style="color: rgb(38, 38, 38); font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; font-size: 20px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 36px;"></span>如果ž®†æ•°å­—孪生应用于所有的交通工å…øP¼Œå»ºç«‹å¯¹åº”的数字孪生模型,让驾驶员能够实时掌握车辆的状态和位置信息åQŒå†åŸÞZºŽå¤§é‡è¡Œé©¶æ•°æ®å’Œæ£€ä¿®æ•°æ®ï¼Œä¾¿å¯ä»¥é¢„‹¹‹èžR辆在何时何处可能发生故障åQŒé€šè¿‡æå‰ä¿å…»æ¥é¿å…åŠè·¯æŠ›é”šç­‰é—®é¢˜ã€‚同æ—Óž¼Œé“èµ\交通管理的信息中心˜q˜èƒ½åˆ†æžç›”R‚»åŒºåŸŸå†…的车辆数据åQŒäؓ每辆汽èžR提供自动é©ùN©¶æœåŠ¡åQŒè¿›è€Œå¯ä»¥åŸºäºŽå¤šè½¦åŒæ­¥å¯åœæœåŠ¡é¿å…æ‹¥å µï¼ŒåŸÞZºŽé¿è®©è¡Œäh和避让èžR辆服务避免交通事故ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">再比如,数字孪生车间是一¿Uæœªæ¥èžR间运行新模式åQŒå¯¹å®žçŽ°å·¥ä¸š4.0、工业互联网、“互联网+刉™€ â€ã€é¢å‘服务的刉™€ ç­‰å…ˆè¿›åˆ‰™€ æ¨¡å¼å…·æœ‰é‡å¤§çš„潜在推动作用ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">在数字孪生èžR间中åQŒå®žé™…生产èžR间与其数字孪生模型利用工业数据æ€Èº¿˜q›è¡Œ˜qžæŽ¥åQŒèžR间的½Ž¡ç†è€…可以在全世界ä“Q何一个地方,通过电脑里的车间数字孪生模型掌握实体车间当前的加工ä“Q务、加工设备的˜qè{状态、äñ”品的合格率等信息åQŒåÙE‹‚€å·¥äh可以头戴虚拟现实头盔åQŒåœ¨åŠžå…¬å®¤é‡Œíw«äÍ其境地排查设备故障。此外,伴随着人工æ™ø™ƒ½æŠ€æœ¯çš„发展åQŒé€šè¿‡åˆ†æžè½¦é—´æ•°å­—孪生模型所具备的制造数据,可以推算出最优的生äñ”调度æ–ÒŽ¡ˆåQŒåƈ对实际èžR间内的设备进行控制。这不仅能大òq…减ž®‘äh¾cȝš„脑力和体力劳动强度,˜q˜èƒ½æ˜¾è‘—提高生äñ”安全性和效率ã€?/span></p><p class="text_align-justify text_indent-2em" data-source="cke" style="margin-top: 24px; margin-bottom: 24px; padding: 0px; word-break: break-word; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); line-height: 32px; text-indent: 2em; min-height: 32px; text-align: justify; font-family: å¾®èÊY雅黑, "Microsoft YaHei", PingFangSC; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 20px;">数字孪生åQŒæœªæ¥å¯æœŸï¼</span></p><p><br/></p></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> <div class="foot"> <div class="foot_menu"> <ul> <li><a href="/About/">关于我们</a></li> <li><a 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